Nigerian women and Europe’s sex trade

PUNCH
Punch Editorial Board
TRAFFICKING for prostitution into Europe by Nigerians has reached a tipping point. In a newly-released report, the United Nations International Organisation for Migration warns that the trafficking of Nigerian women for prostitution is at a “crisis level.” The report, which covers the first six months of 2016, laments that gullible Nigerian girls – some with the help of their families – are being recruited at an increasing rate by criminal gangs for European sex markets. This is alarming; it is embarrassing for the nation.

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Stop the Bleeding — Curbing Illicit Financial Flows Video Recap

Global Financial Integrity

By Tim Hirschel-Burns
“A global human society, characterised by islands of wealth, surrounded by a sea of poverty, is unsustainable.”
This quote from Thabo Mbeki, the former president of South Africa, concludes the recently released video “Stop the Bleeding– Curbing Illicit Financial Flows,” and for good reason. Instead of concentrating resources where they are needed most, these “islands of wealth” actually drain resources out of the African continent. The video notes that Africa loses $50-80 billion each year to illicit financial flows, while Sub-Saharan Africa only receives $40 billion each year in official development assistance.

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Trafficked to Turin: the Nigerian women forced to work as prostitutes in Italy

theguardian

It’s just after 9pm when the first Nigerian women start to appear on the streets of Asti, a small city near Turin in northern Italy. Some stand in groups of two or three, flagging down passing cars or checking their phones. Many are alone – solitary figures backlit by the stream of headlights moving into the city. Princess Inyang Okokon slows down her car as she spots two girls standing on a corner. Even with heavy makeup they look no older than 15 or 16. “So many new faces,” she says, shaking her head as she pulls her car to the side of the road and gets out to speak to them.

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10 least corrupt countries in the world

Yahoo News
Among 180 countries of the world on the worldwide Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), prepared by independent international agency Transparency International, India has been ranked 74. With this data in mind, lets take a look at countries world over which have consistently been ranked as the least corrupt. Take in the beauty of the landscape from each of these countries while you understand why they are the least corrupt.

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U.S. State Department: Global Terrorist Attacks Down 13 Percent in 2015

News Week

Global terrorist attacks declined by 13 percent in 2015, according to the U.S. State Department.
In its annual Country Reports on Terrorism, the department also found that the total number of deaths from terrorist attacks was down by 14 percent when compared to 2014.
The two findings show that for the first time since 2012, terrorist attacks and their corresponding fatalities have declined.

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Re Statistical Information on Terrorism in 2014

US Department of State
Title 22, Section 2656f of the United States Code requires the Department of State to include in its annual report on terrorism “to the extent practicable, complete statistical information on the number of individuals, including United States citizens and dual nationals, killed, injured, or kidnapped by each terrorist group during the preceding calendar year.” The definition found in Title 22 of the U.S. Code provides that terrorism is “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents.” From 2004 to 2011, the data for the Annex of Statistical Information were collected by the National Counterterrorism Center, part of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, through the Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (WITS).

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How do you solve a problem like corruption?

World Economic Forum
I returned from Davos in January with my head buzzing. I’m always amazed by how many different topics are squeezed into just a few short days; migration, climate change, artificial intelligence, nutrition, to name just a few.
Yet, there was one topic I heard about consistently from all attendees; corruption.
From business leaders to religious leaders, whether it was the current difficulties at FIFA or the embezzlement of public funds in sub-Saharan Africa, no person or corner of the globe seemed untouched.
It took me back to conversations I had had just a few weeks earlier.
I was in Maharashtra, India, in December as part of my work for the World Economic Forum’s Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI). Instead of global leaders and CEOs of multinationals, I was listening to local business people and public officials. Yet sentiments remained the same. Corruption was hurting their livelihoods.
Nearly half of all firms in Maharashtra are expected to give “gifts” to obtain an operating licence, almost twice as high as India as a whole. In public transactions more generally, over a fifth of companies would be asked for an informal payment according to the World Bank’s Enterprise Survey.
This creates very real problems for businesses looking to invest in Maharashtra and for the local firms who operate there. And if business does not flourish, neither will citizens. They will suffer higher unemployment and more expensive services without greater transparency.

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These are the world’s least corrupt nations – but are they exporting it overseas?

World Economic Forum

Countries with low levels of corruption could still be “exporting” it overseas, according to Transparency International’s latest report.

The study suggests that even the cleanest European nations might be linked to corruption abroad, for example by failing to tackle bribery by their companies in other countries.

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PRESIDENT BUHARI’S SPEECH AT THE ANTI-CORRUPTION SUMMIT, LONDON

Ventures
I feel honoured and privileged to be invited to this Summit dedicated solely to combating corruption, a canker worm in the social and economic fabrics of all countries. May I first commend Prime Minister Cameron for considering it worthy and timely to convene this Summit. I recall how he championed anti-corruption actions at home and in several international fora as well as his initiative to place tax, trade and transparency on the forefront of the G8 agenda a few years ago. As the Co-chair of the United Nations High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, he took the lead to galvanise agreement to place the anti-corruption fight at the heart of the global approach to combating poverty. Today, this accomplishment is embodied in Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
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Preventive capacity of anti-corruption agencies

British Council
Over recent years, 73% of Nigerians believe corruption has increased (Global Corruption Barometer 2010). Many Nigerians also think that anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) have not met public expectations (‘Public Perceptions of Anti-Corruption Agencies’, a study by the Convention on Business Integrity, 2008).

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International Anti-Corruption Day Report

UNODC

2010 Theme: GOOD STRATEGY 4 ZERO CORRUPTION

NIGERIA – The Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on anti-corruption in collaboration with UNDP and UNODC organized a 2 day program to mark the International Anti- Corruption day in Nigeria. The 2 day program comprised of an Anti-Corruption Day Rally on the 8th and a Grand Finale Event on 9 December. Representatives of the IATT (which comprises of 20 anti-corruption agencies in Nigeria) Federal Ministries, Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC), Civil Society, Students, the diplomatic community, UNDP and UNODC participated in both events. This was the second of its kind where there was successful collaboration and cooperation among the Nigerian anti corruption agencies.

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Strategic & operational capacity of anti-corruption agencies

British Council
The majority of Nigerians consider high level corruption as being destructive for the country (Nigerian Poverty Assessment 207, Global Corruption Barometer 2010).

Nigeria ranked 134 out of 178 countries in the Transparency International Corruption Index (2010) and 63% of Nigerians reported paying a bribe for a public service over the course of a year (Global Corruption Barometer 2010).

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Robbers Disguise As Patients To Rob Hospitals In Lagos

Green Gist
According to reports, two members of a 5-member armed robbery gang that specialises in disguising as sick persons to rob patients in hospitals have been nabbed by the police.
Babatunde Bamidele , 25, and Idowu Balogun, 27, were arrested at Ajangbadi while robbing one of the hospitals in the area.
Confirming the arrest, the State Commissioner of Police, Fatai Owoseni, said: “The gang would pretend as if one of them was injured with plaster pasted on his stomach and rush him to hospital screaming for help, but immediately they were allowed into the hospital, they would bring out their guns and rob every patient in the hospital of their phones, money and other valuable”

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A storm is coming By Frederik Obermaier and Bastian Obermayer

Panama Papers

The interrogation room in which Iceland’s recent history was rewritten is sparse, furnished only with a table, some chairs, and a computer. A camera is fixed to the wall, and the frosted, double-glazed windows have completely blocked out the sound of the gale-force winds in Reykjavik’s Faxafloi Bay.
It was in this room that some of Iceland’s most powerful bankers, executives, and investors had to answer to special investigator Olaf Hauksson. A tall man with a heavy build, Haukkson has spent the past six years investigating the transactions that brought Iceland’s economy to its knees in October 2008.
At the time, the country’s three biggest banks folded within just three days, in part because their senior executives had illegally doctored the stock listings of their own banks. “Market manipulation”, as Hauksson curtly calls it.
When asked what happened to the three bank bosses in the end, Hauksson grins. “They all went to jail,” he says, pointing to the empty chairs. “They sat right there.”
Olafur Hauksson has only just begun to wrap up proceedings for the biggest scandal in Iceland’s history. And it’s entirely possible that the publication of the Panama Papers will trigger the next one.
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3,500 cyber attacks recorded in Nigeria in one year

Ventures

3,500 cyber attacks within the last one year were experienced in Nigeria said Dr. Vincent Olatunji. Olatunji who is the acting Director General of the National Information Technology Development Agency, NITDA said that the cyber attacks had over 70 per cent success rate and led to losses of about $450 million. An IT consultant, Abdul-Hakeem Ajibola, said 0.80 per cent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product, GDP, equivalent to the cement sector, was lost to cybercrime.
Olatunji said that measures need to be put in place to mitigate these crimes as there is an increased penetration of technology into the economy. He stated that Nigeria, like any other country, was facing many challenges from network design, security prevention as well as cyber-attack to cybercrimes. He said that the need for effective security measures to create trust and confidence in the various platforms could not be over-emphasised. He said the commitment of the Federal Government to effective ICT development in various sectors of the economy had led to the creation of requisite enabling environment for stakeholders to contribute to the level of ICT development in the country.
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The world of Nigeria’s sex-trafficking ‘Air Lords’

BBC News Magazine

Last year, the BBC’s Sam Piranty was given access by the Catalan police, Mossos D’Esquadra, to an investigation into a Nigerian sex-trafficking gang. He spoke to traffickers and women rescued from sexual slavery before filming an early morning raid in November, which led to 23 arrests. He also discovered that the gang is now using London as a gateway into Europe.
It’s 08:00 in the Catalan Police Headquarters on the outskirts of Barcelona and Xavi Cortes, head of the anti-trafficking unit, waits patiently for his 22 teams to confirm they are in position. Finally, he gives the order.
Two-hundred-and-fifty officers quietly climb out of their police vans. Single file, each team approaches a residential building watched by a few surprised neighbours.
On reaching the door, one of the masked police officers uses his fingers to count down. Three, two, one. The door is knocked down, the silence shattered, the officers rush inside.
The raid results in the arrest of the leaders of a Nigerian-based group running an international sex-trafficking ring in Barcelona. It’s known as the Supreme Eiye Confraternity (SEC), or the Air Lords, and 23 people are now behind bars, with European Arrest Warrants issued for those who have left the country.
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Corruption Perception Index 2015

Transparency

WHICH COUNTRIES IMPROVED? WHICH GOT WORSE?
2015 showed that people working together can succeed in fighting corruption. Although corruption is still rife globally, more countries improved their scores in 2015 than declined.
Some countries have improved in recent years – Greece, Senegal and the UK are among those that have seen a significant increase in scores since 2012.
Others, including Australia, Brazil, Libya, Spain and Turkey, have deteriorated.
Dealing with many entrenched corruption issues, Brazil has been rocked by the Petrobras scandal, in which politicians are reported to have taken kickbacks in exchange for awarding public contracts. As the economy crunches, tens of thousands of ordinary Brazilians have lost their jobs already. They didn’t make the decisions that led to the scandal. But they’re the ones living with the consequences.
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Which countries have had the most terrorist attacks?

Agenda Weforum

Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria suffered the largest number of terrorist attacks in 2014, the worst ever year for terrorism. According to the Global Terrorism Index 2015, published by the Institute for Economics & Peace, these five countries were victims of 78% of all attacks last year.
The index ranks countries against terrorism statistics, and analyses the causes and economic impact of terrorism. The table below shows the 39 countries which saw the greatest number of attacks, and their index ranking calculated against severity and frequency of attacks.
According to the report, some 13,370 attacks across 93 countries killed 32,658 people in 2014. This was a rise of 80% over 2013, while the number of countries that experienced 500 or more deaths as a result of terrorism increased by 120%.
Since 2000, there have been over 61,000 terrorist attacks killing more than 140,000 people. There are nine times more people killed in terrorist attacks in 2014 than there were in 2000. The chart below shows the rise in terrorism since 2000, and where it has occurred.
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Kenya: Govt Hunts for Cash Launderers

All Africa

Kenya was on the high-risk money laundering destination list until last year.
Interim Director Asset Recovery Muthoni Kimani said Kenya was removed from the list in 2014, after she met the general requirements and standards of anti-money laundering.
Kimani made the revelations as she warned lawyers to be cautious to avoid being used by their clients for money laundering or terrorism financing.
She said lawyers must be equipped with knowledge to detect anything criminal about financial dealings. “The legal profession therefore have an obligation in ensuring that their services are not used for criminal purposes or compromising the security and stability of the nation,” she said in a brief seen by the Star.
The Kenyan Task Force on Asset Recovery members are drawn from the the National Intelligence Service, Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions, National Police Service, Financial Reporting Centre and the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission.
Also part of the team are the Kenya Revenue Authority, Kenya Wildlife Services and Immigration Department. The multi-agency team was the brain behind the freezing of assets of NYS scandal architect Ben Gethi.
However, the Anti-Money Laundering Advisory Board comprises the Attorney General, the Central Bank Governor, Inspector General of Police, Chairman of Kenya Bankers Association and the CEO of ICPAK.
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Vatican money-laundering investigations ‘must show results’

BBC News World

The Vatican must “deliver real results” from its investigations into money-laundering, the Council of Europe’s financial agency has said. In its latest report, Moneyval said the Vatican had improved its financial management and its bank had shut down almost 5,000 suspicious accounts. Vatican prosecutors had frozen about €11m ($12m;£8m) and 29 money-laundering investigations had been launched.
However, the agency said there had yet to be any indictments or prosecutions. It said there was “a need now for the anti-money-laundering and counter-terrorist financing system to deliver effective results in terms of prosecutions, convictions and confiscation”. Moneyval said “the Holy See/Vatican City authorities should ensure that the gendarmerie and the prosecutor’s office have the capacity to conduct proactive financial investigations” in order that current probes could produce results.
Management change
The Vatican said it had nothing to add to earlier comments welcoming Moneyval’s acknowledgement that improvements had been made. Moneyval, which was making its third evaluation of the Vatican since 2012, said the Holy See should give an update by December 2017 on actions it had taken to implement the agency’s latest recommendations.
Shortly after taking office, Pope Francis had said the Vatican’s finances should be more transparent and its bank should operate in “harmony” with the mission of the Church.
Moneyval’s latest report comes about 18 months after the Vatican said it was replacing the entire senior management team of its bank as part of reforms of the Catholic Church’s central government.
It said the bank would also eventually give up its investment activities to focus on serving religious orders and charities.The changes followed persistent allegations that the Vatican bank had been used by money launderers and businessmen taking advantage of the bank’s status – what amounted to an international offshore tax haven.
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CCFA Nigeria