Corruption Indicators

This list is not exhaustive and the ingenuity of those involved in corruption knows no bounds!  But you should beware of:

  • Abnormal cash payments.
  • Abuse of the decision process or delegated powers in specific cases.
  • Agreeing contracts not favourable to the organisation either because of the terms or the time period.
  • An abnormally high commission percentage being paid to a particular agency. This may be split into two accounts for the same agent, often in different jurisdictions.
  • An individual who never takes time off even if ill, or holidays, or insists on dealing with specific contractors himself or herself.
  • Avoidance of independent checks on the tendering or contracting processes.
  • Bypassing normal tendering or contracting procedures.
  • Company procedures or guidelines not being followed.
  • Invoices being agreed in excess of the contract without reasonable cause.
  • Lavish gifts being received.
  • Making unexpected or illogical decisions accepting projects or contracts
  • Missing documents or records regarding meetings or decisions..
  • Payments being made through a third party country – for example, goods or services supplied to country ‘A’ but payment is being made, usually to a shell company in country ‘B’.
  • Pressure exerted for payments to be made urgently or ahead of schedule.
  • Private meetings with public contractors or companies hoping to tender for contracts.
  • Raising barriers around specific roles or departments which are key in the tendering or contracting processes.
  • The payment of, or making funds available for, high value expenses or school fees (or similar) on behalf of others.
  • The unusually smooth process of cases where an individual does not have the expected level of knowledge or expertise.
  • Unexplained preference for certain contractors during tendering period.
CCFA Nigeria